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Actor

Actor

Brief description An actor is perceived by its environment as an economically independent (and often also legal) entity. Enterprises and individuals are examples of actors. A profit and loss responsible business unit, which can be seen as economically independent is an actor, although such a unit needs not to be a legal entity. Economically independent […]

Consumer need

Consumer need

Brief description A consumer need is a state of felt deprivation of some basic satisfaction. As such, a need captures what a consumer wants to have. Understanding a consumer need is a prerequisite for designing a value web; it shows why a consumer is interested in potentially obtaining products or services from the value web. […]

Dependency elements

Dependency elements

Brief description In a value hierarchy, consumer needs and value objects are related to show that (1) a consumer need is satisfied by obtaining a (series of) value object(s), or that (2) in order to obtain a value object, another (series of) value object(s) is needed. By relating needs and value objects, a hierarchy emerges. […]

Value object

Value object

Brief description A value object satisfies a particular need or is used to produce other value objects. In a way, a value object can be seen as a kind of solution for a particular need. A value object is a physical good (which you can drop on the floor), an intangible outcome of a service, […]

Value offering

Value offering

Brief description A value offering models what an actor offers to (an out-going offering) or requests from (an in-going offering) its environment, and closely relates to the value interface concept (see below). Anticipating the explanation of the value interface construct, a value interface models an offering of an actor to its environment, and the offering […]

Value port

Value port

Brief description An actor uses a value port to provide or request value objects to or from its environment, consisting of other actors. Thus, a value port is used to interconnect actors so that they are able to transfer value objects. Such a value object flowing into or out of an actor denotes a change […]

Value transaction

Value transaction

Brief description A value interface prescribes the value transfers that should occur seen from the perspective of the actor owning that value interface. Recall that all ports in a value interface should transfer objects, or none at all. Sometimes, it is convenient to have a concept that aggregates all value transfers, which must occur as […]

Value transfer

Value transfer

Brief description A value transfer is used to connect two value ports with each other. It shows the actors, who are willing to transfer value objects with each other. Transferring value objects means a change in rights. In case of physical goods, the most important right is ownership, in case of services, the right is […]